Pyoderma literally means “pus in the skin.” It can be caused by infection, inflammation, or cancer and is common in dogs.

The most common sign of bacterial pyoderma is excessive scaling. Scales are often pierced by hairs. Itching is variable. In dogs, superficial pyoderma commonly appears as bald patches, welts around hairs, and scabbing (as above - although difficult to see in a long haired dog although the scabs are easily felt when rubbing over the skin).

The signs of deep pyoderma in dogs include pain, crusting, odor, and secretions of blood and pus. Redness, swelling, ulceration, scabs, and blisters may also be seen. The bridge of the muzzle, chin, elbows, hocks, knees, and spaces between the toes are more prone to deep infections, but any area may be involved. With deep pyoderma it is recommended that the infected area is clipped.

Antibiotic treatment should last for at least 3 weeks and preferably for 4 weeks. All signs (except for hair regrowth and resolution of increased pigmentation) should be gone for at least 7 days before antibiotics are discontinued. Longterm, recurrent, or deep pyodermas typically require 8 to 12 weeks or longer to heal completely. Topical antibiotics may also be used in some cases. Even though your dog may seem better after only a few days or a week, it is still very important for you to continue the prescribed treatment program for the full length of time. The bacteria causing pyoderma can still be present and ready to multiply again if the complete course of medication is not given.

Common antibiotics include Baytril and Rilexene, both of which are safe to use in Collies - but should not be used with animals known to be hypersensitive to penicillins and cephalosporins. Diagnosis may also need skin culture if the infection is resistent to prescribed antibiotics.



Information given on this website is not a substitute for professional medical treatment